Should I Start a Market Garden?

April 07, 2020 6 min read 0 Comments

Should I Start a Market Garden?

Market gardening, as we once knew it, is changing, and with that comes new opportunities. A new sales approach for market gardeners is emerging. Limited social interaction requirements coupled with a growing demand for nutritious foods are paving the way for a new type of marketing strategy- the online farmer’s market.

Sale’s channels have changed for many of us with restaurant closures and canceled markets. Now more than ever, the consumer model could be tipping toward a more localized movement. Customers want more transparency when it comes to consumable products. Know your farmer, know your food.

How do I start a Market Garden?

The first step to starting a successful market garden is doing market research. Think about your local growing season and what crops will do best in your climate. What crops could you grow if you had a hoop house? Is there a demand not being met into the shoulder season? Questions like these will help you to determine your infrastructure needs. 

How profitable is vegetable farming?

Growing vegetables can be both rewarding and profitable. Profitability can be managed by focusing on high dollar crops, added-value products, and most importantly keeping overhead costs down.
When planning the crops for your market garden, look at each crop, and determine profitability by considering the growing time, labor requirements, and demand for the product.

A good example of this is with garlic. Garlic has low water needs, a growing demand, and can be sold into an extended season. Garlic seed is expensive but can be a one time expense if you save seed. Great profits can come from growing garlic, but it is very labor-intensive. You may need an employee to help with harvesting. Another drawback is that it requires space to hang and dry. You may need to budget for an additional outbuilding for this purpose. So while garlic can be profitable, that first year will set you back with startup costs.What is the most profitable vegetable to grow and sell?

Instead of looking for the most profitable vegetables, look at what vegetables would do best in your situation. If you can produce, harvest, and sell a crop successfully then that is the most profitable vegetable for you. Look at your local demand and determine if you can sell the product at a high enough margin based on the demand to meet your costs and turn a profit on the crop.

For example, tomatoes. They are a high-value crop with high demand. They love the heat but need a little help with sun protection. With the help of drip irrigation, hoop houses, or low tunnels one can improve yields substantially. If you can budget to create the right growing conditions and infrastructure, this crop can bring in large returns.

What should my farms' profit margins be?

If you can produce a quality product, consumers have no problem paying for it. Local growers have a huge advantage.  We get to sell the product when it is ripe and ready. Our produce is fresh when it reaches the consumer instead of getting hauled across multiple states or from other countries. We can provide an added value that has been lacking in our grocery stores, quality.  

What do I need to start a Market Garden?

A market garden can be as simple as an acre you have tilled up in your backyard or it can be large enough to sustain a few full-time employees. Figure out what this looks like for you. The size of your start-up depends on the amount of capital you have to invest as well as the size of the space you have available. Once you have that figured out, start looking into local licensing and permitting.

Everything that you will need to know should be on your county extension's website. It varies depending on the state that you live in how restrictive or lenient produce sales will be. With the county’s guidelines, start working your way through any permitting that needs to be acquired before getting too ahead of yourself. This includes permitting for hoop houses and other infrastructure you may require for your startup. This would also be a good time to grab some soil samples for your local soil conservation to test

The sky's the limit when it comes to automation. While startup costs for things such as drip irrigation or a flood and drain system can be costly, they save in the long run in terms of labor. Irrigation will cost you in start-up costs and will involve maintenance every season. But, it will generally result in higher yields and less water loss. A basic irrigation system adds costs, but you won't have to chase and drag hoses all day, which allows you to focus on more productive tasks.

Does a Market Garden need a hoop house?

Adding hoop houses to your operation can help improve your yields as well as extend your season.  While startup cost for this type of infrastructure can be high, it is generally a fixed asset that can be reused season after season. Several states have NRCS funding in place to help farmers with the addition of a high tunnel into their operations.

How do I sell my produce?

Ecommerce has come a long way in the last few years. There are great platforms to help keep your business running smoothly and even better, accessible 24/7 to your customer base. Point of sales systems like Shopify and WooCommerce can help you to manage and receive sales for your business.

Being accessible is the number one thing you can do to make your business successful. In addition to providing customers with an online store, integrate the store with an online presence. Customers want to know their farmer. Introduce yourself and interact with your customers.

Start blogging about activities in your garden, share recipes, hold Q&A sessions, and let the customers get to know you. Establishing a social media presence is vital to connecting with new customers as well as marketing to existing customers.

How much does it cost to start a market garden?

Like with any business, starting capital is important.  Basic infrastructure needs to be in place before you sow your seeds. As stated before, irrigation and/or hoop houses are components that eat up large portion of your budget.  Next, figure out what your approach to weeds will be. Will you need labor? Is this something you will need a machine for? Will you be using plastic weed barriers? These questions will help you to decide what to budget for now and what to save for in the future.  From there your propagation trays, seeds, dirt, and fertilizer will be recurring expenses. 

Once you have a salable product, you will need to look into proper packaging.  Sustainable packaging has become easier to come by over the last few years. Using sustainable packaging is 100% worth the extra cost and most customers prefer it. Glass jars are also a great option for subscription services. 

Check out:  How Farmers Can Enter the Convenience Economy and Lead the Way Against Single-Use Plastics

How do you promote local food?

As long as US grocery stores are sourcing food from other countries, there will be an alternative demand for locally produced food. As we are starting to see the limitations involved with excessive food miles and relying on global trade, we as consumers will need to return to seasonal shopping.  Shopping for what is in season, what is fresh locally needs to be normalized. Check out how Craven’s Local Food Market has done this with their jar exchange program

The CLFM is a business model created by Bootstrap Farmer founder Brandon Youst and is meant to be model of how to run a sustainable business that:

1. has farmers getting the price they want for the things they grow (through value-added goods)

2. while meeting people where they want to be met (via delivery/online storefronts)

3. with products they crave (pizza, ramen, tacos, kombucha, popsicles, etc.)

Are There Opportunities for Market Farmers?

Check out your local Department of Agriculture website for more information on grants and loans that may be available. Another resource to check out is the NRCS Funding Opportunities. Many states are allocating those funds to help with seasonal high tunnels and organic farm operations.  


While the way that we do business is altering dramatically, our customers have not changed. Being able to pivot your business model or create a new one is what is necessary to come out on the other side of challenging times. Localizing our food and resources are more important than ever. Life will continue and the more that we come together to make changes, move away from the ways we have always done things, the more we can take this challenge as a chance to evolve. 

We believe a community of positive, action-taking, and collaborative farmers can empower small ag and become a contagion for change in the small farm/slow food movement. BSF

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