Bootstrap Farmer's Edible Flower List

There are hundreds of plants that produce edible flowers. While we cannot list every one of them here, we have tried to include a lion’s share of the most popular and some of the often overlooked but valuable additions to any farmscape. Some genuses of flowers contain one or two edible species but the majority are toxic. We have intentionally left the easily confused ones out of this guide. This resource will be updated as we learn of new varieties or learn important facts about old standbys. If you know a flower we have missed, please let us know in the comments, and we will include it in our next round of updates.

Explanation of terms used:

Warm Season Annual - Often referred to as tender annuals as well, these plants thrive in the heat of summer but will die off at the first frost. They need to be planted out after all danger of frost has passed. Think sunflowers, zinnias and basil.

Cool Season Annual - These hardy plants can be planted in the fall for spring blooms in milder zones or 6-8 weeks before your last frost date in the early spring. Think bachelor buttons, calendula and snapdragons.

Biennial- Plants in this family usually will not flower until their second year of growth. Most need a certain amount of cold to stimulate flowers the following year. Carrots, garlic chives and many other Alliums fall into this category.

Tender Perennial- In harsher growing zones many of these types of plants can be grown as annuals. In milder climates they will come back year after year even though many will look “dead” in the winter. Depending on your growing zone and the use of crop protection these plants can provide important blooms in seasons of dearth.

Perennial - Living more than 2 years these plants are often used in landscaping or food forests. Some produce blooms year round with a little extra love. Just like their tender cousins they can provide flowers in the shoulder seasons, when annuals are waiting to go in or on their way out. Blueberries, fruit trees, and shrubs like abutilon all fit here.

Spp. - when you see this next to a genus name it means there are multiple species that are used.

Variegated - Flowers with this designation often come in varieties that are a combination of other colors available.

  • Abutilon - (Abutilon pictum or Abutilon hybridum, milleri)
  • Alliums
  • Alyssum - (Lobularia maritima)
  • Amaranth - (Amaranthus spp.)
  • Anise Hyssop - (Agastache foeniculum)
  • Apple blossoms - (Malus spp.)
  • Arugula – (Eruca sativa, vesicaria)
  • Bachelor Buttons - (Centaurea cyanus)
  • Balsam - (Impatiens Balsamina)
  • Basil - (Ocimum basilicum, africanum)
  • Begonia - (Begonia tuberhybrida, semperflorens-cultorum)
  • Beans - (Phaseolus vulgaris)
  • Bee Balm – (Monarda fistulosa)
  • Borage – (Borago officnialis)
  • Brassicas
  • Butterfly Pea - (Clitoria ternatea)
  • Catnip - (Nepeta cataria, spp.)
  • Calendula – (Calendula officinalis)
  • Celosia - (Celosia argentea var.)
  • Chamomile – (Matricaria recutita)
  • Chervil – (Anthriscus cerefolium)
  • Chicory
  • Chives - (Allium schoenoprasum)
  • Chrysanthemum - (Glebionis coronaria)
  • Cilantro –(Coriandrum sativum)
  • Clover
  • Cosmos - (Cosmos sulphureus)

  • Dame’s Rocket - (Hesperis matronalis)
  • Dandelion - (Taxacum officinalis)
  • Daylilies - Hemerocallis spp.
  • Dianthus - (Dianthus spp.)
  • Dahlias - (Dahlia spp.)
  • Dill - (Anethum graveolens)
  • Echinacea - (Echinacea spp.)
  • English Daisy – (Bellis perennis)
  • Fava - (Vicia faba)
  • Fennel – (Foeniculum vulgare)
  • Fruit Trees
  • Garlic - (Allium sativum)
  • Geranium, Scented - (Pelargonium spp.)
  • Globe Amaranth - (Gomphrena globosa)
  • Hawthorn
  • Herbs
  • Hibiscus - (Hibiscus sabdariffa, rosa-sinensis, spp)
  • Lavender – (Lavandula angustifolia)
  • Lilac – (Syringa vulgaris)
  • Marigolds - (Tagetes tenuifolia, lucida)
  • Mint - All mint (Mentha spp.)
  • Moringa - (Moringa oleifera)

  • Nigella - (Nigella damascena, sativa)
  • Nasturtium - (Tropaeolum majus)
  • Okra -( Abelmoschus esculentus)
  • Onions - (Allium cepa)
  • Orchids
  • Passion Flower - (Passiflora incarnata)
  • Pansy – (Viola x wittrockiana)
  • Pea – (Pisum sativum)
  • Perennial Phlox - (Phlox paniculata)
  • Primrose - (Primula vulgaris)
  • Queen Anne’s Lace - (Daucus carota)
  • Rose - (Rosa alba, centifolia, damascena, gallica)
  • Safflower - (Carthamus tinctorius)
  • Sage - (Salvia officinalis)
  • Scarlet Runner Bean - (Phaseolus coccineus)
  • Snapdragon - (Antirrhinum majus)
  • Squash - (Cucurbita pepo)
  • Sunflower - (Helianthus annuus)
  • Stock - (Matthiola incana)
  • Toothache Cress - (Acmella oleraceapreviously known as Spilanthes oleracea)
  • Viola – (Viola cornuta, calcarata, odorata, tricolor, x wittrockiana)
  • Vegetables
  • Vegetable Hummingbird - (Sesbania grandiflora)
  • Zinnias - (Zinnia spp.)
Disclaimer:This resource's purpose is to provide general information and inspiration only. Since many of the flowers listed herein are known for medicinal properties, seek the advice of a health professional before touching or eating any plant matter that is new to you. As with any natural product, they can be toxic if misused or consumed in large stresses that you do not eat any edible plants, herbs, weeds, trees, or bushes until you have verified the genus and species. If selling flowers as a consumable, it is up to you to do your due diligence to know the species of any flowers sold to consumers. No liability exists against or anyone who works for; nor can they be held responsible for any allergy, illness, or adverse effect that any person or animal may suffer as a result of the information in this website or through using any of the plants mentioned by

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